Інформація призначена тільки для фахівців сфери охорони здоров'я, осіб,
які мають вищу або середню спеціальну медичну освіту.

Підтвердіть, що Ви є фахівцем у сфері охорони здоров'я.



UkrainePediatricGlobal

UkrainePediatricGlobal

Журнал "Здоров`я дитини" Том 18, №6, 2023

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Ожиріння серед дітей шкільного віку з міста Заху (Курдистан, Ірак) пов’язане з переглядом мультимедіа

Автори: Farhad Shaker Armishty, Ronahi Younis Ibrahim, Adam J. Adam, Racheen S. Haji, Zeen Khalil Ghazi, Parwar I. Tahir
College of Medicine, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Рубрики: Педіатрія/Неонатологія

Розділи: Клінічні дослідження

Версія для друку


Резюме

Актуальність. Системи охорони здоров’я дуже стурбовані дитячим ожирінням, що продовжує залишатися перешкодою для медичних інновацій. За останні три десятиліття частота надмірної ваги/ожиріння в дітей значно зросла. Діти проводять значну кількість часу перед електронними пристроями, такими як мобільні телефони, ігрові приставки, комп’ютери та телевізор, що пов’язано зі зниженням фізичної активності та збільшенням ваги. Мета дослідження: виявити зв’язок між переглядом медіа на екрані та ожирінням у дітей шкільного віку з міста Заху. Матеріали та методи. Це було перехресне опитування методом «випадок — контроль». Усім учням віком 9–15 років із різних шкіл було запропоновано заповнити анкету. Добре підготовлені студенти-медики проводили антропометричні вимірювання ваги та зросту. ­Результати. Усього опитано 500 учнів віком від 9 до 15 років, серед них було приблизно 72 % хлопчиків і 28 % дівчаток. Виявлено вірогідний зв’язок між споживанням їжі під час перегляду медіа та ожирінням (P = 0,003), а також між середньою кількістю годин, проведених щодня за комп’ютером, і ожирінням (P = 0,016). Висновки. Таким чином, це дослідження підтвердило кореляцію між використанням екрану та ожирінням у дітей шкільного віку. У зв’язку з цим важливо створювати ініціативи зі зміцнення здоров’я, які підкреслюють здоровий 24-годинний період, що включає збалансовану кількість часу, витраченого на фізичну активність, перегляд телевізора та сон.

Background. Healthcare systems are very concerned about childhood obesity, which continues to be a barrier to medical innovation. Over the last three decades, the frequency of childhood overweight/ obesity has increased significantly. Children spend a significant amount of time in front of electronic devices such as cell phones, games, computers, and television that is linked to a decreased physical activity and weight gain. The purpose of the study was to find the association between watching screen media and obesity in school-aged children from Zakho. Materials and methods. This is a cross-sectional, case-control, face-to-face survey study. All students aged 9–15 years from different schools were invited to complete the questionnaire. Well-trained medical students collected the anthropometric measurements of weight and height. Results. A total of 500 students between 9 and 15 years were interviewed. Approximately 72 % of them were males and 28 % were females. There was a significant association between a history of eating while watching screens and obesity (P = 0.003), as well as between the average number of hours spent daily using a computer and obesity (P = 0.016). Conclusions. In summary, this study supported the link between screen usage and childhood obesity in school-aged children. As a result, it is vital to create health promotion initiatives that emphasize a healthy 24-hour period, which includes a balanced amount of time spent engaging in physical activity, watching television, and sleeping.


Ключові слова

ожиріння; надмірна вага; екранні носії; телевізор; фізичні вправи

obesity; overweight; screen media; TV; exercise


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